alcelaphus buselaphus caama

This population of the hartebeest was originally limited to the open country of the southernmost regions of the southern Levant. Scientific synonyms. Other articles where Red hartebeest is discussed: hartebeest: The red hartebeest (A. buselaphus caama) of southwest Africa is the most colourful, with extensive black markings setting off a white belly and rump; it has a more elongated head and high horns that curve in a … They are primarily grazers, with their diets consisting mainly of grasses. Births usually peak in the dry season, and take place in thickets – unlike the wildebeest, which give birth in groups on the plains. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans [38] Sparring between males and females is common. [36] In Israel, hartebeest remains have been found in northern Negev, Shephelah, Sharon Plain and Tel Lachish. He wrote: "Meester Pieter ein hart-beest geschooten hadde (Master Pieter [van Meerhoff] had shot one hartebeest)". Reproduction is dioecious . Inhabiting dry savannas and wooded grasslands, hartebeest often move to more arid places after rainfall. [63] Both males and females reach sexual maturity at one to two years of age. The study considered hartebeest meat to be healthy, as the ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids was 0.78, slightly more than the recommended 0.7. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama skin (mounted) southwest Africa, Etoshi District; Africa [no verbatim date data] (1700-01-01 - 2006-04-07) BerkeleyMapper Use ctrl+scroll wheel on your mouse or double click to zoom in on the map to see coordinate uncertainty. [4] The hartebeest shares several physical traits with the sassabies (genus Damaliscus), such as an elongated and narrow face, the shape of the horns, the pelage texture and colour, and the terminal tuft of the tail. Photo about Side view natural red hartebeest alcelaphus buselaphus caama on stony ground. Antilope caama É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803 o Alcelaphus buselaphus caama (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803) Other names = Cape Hartebeest [15], Eight subspecies are identified, of which two – A. b. caama and A. b. lichtensteinii – have been considered to be independent species. Its face is black save for the chocolate band below the eyes. No need to register, buy now! The eastern lineage gave rise to the Coke's, Swayne's, Tora and Lelwel hartebeest; and from the western lineage evolved the Bubal and western hartebeest. Literature Cited IEA (Institute of Applied Ecology). The red hartebeest is closely related to the tsessebe and the topi. [49] Fights are rarely serious, but can be fatal if they are. [63] They have been reported from altitudes on Mount Kenya up to 4,000 m (13,000 ft). There are only 2 recognised Hartebeest species (Alcelaphus) The Common Harteberest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) and the Lichtenstein's Hartebeest (Alcelaphus lichtensteinii). [64] These unique abilities could have allowed the hartebeest to prevail over other animals millions of years ago, leading to its successful radiation in Africa. The, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 22:41. Apart from its long face, the large chest and the sharply sloping back differentiate the hartebeest from other antelopes. Proper noun . The red hartebeest is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Bovidae family found in Southern Africa. [14] An MtDNA analysis could find no evidence to support a separate genus for Lichtenstein's hartebeest. [28][42] The Lichtenstein's hartebeest has thick parallel ringed horns, with a flat base. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama là một loài động vật có vú trong họ Bovidae, bộ Artiodactyla.Loài này được É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire mô tả năm 1803. [5] The first use of the word "hartebeest" in South African literature was in Dutch colonial administrator Jan van Riebeeck's journal Daghregister in 1660. [12] However, this finding was not replicated by Alan W. Gentry of the Natural History Museum, who classified it as an independent species of Alcelaphus. Males are 8% heavier than females in Swayne's and Lichtenstein's hartebeest, and 23% heavier in the red hartebeest. Codziennie dodajemy tysiące nowych, wysokiej jakości obrazów. [11] Analysis of skull structure supports partition into three major divisions: A. b. buselaphus division (nominate, also including A. b. major division), A. b. tora division (also including A. b. cokii and A. b. swaynei) and A. b. lelwel division. : Alcelaphus buselaphus selbornei)* (É. [59] However, parasites are not always harmful – 252 larvae were found in the head of one Zambian individual without any pathogenicity. Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (cd) as A. buselaphus caama Comments: Authorship and date of publication validated by Opinion 2005 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (2002b). Kama antylopa (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama) Kama antylopa (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama) : , , Jeśli zainteresowany publikacją zdjęć lub wykorzystanie reklamy, prosimy o kontakt bezpośrednio z autorem. Alcelaphus m. A taxonomic genus within the family Bovidae – hartebeests. [43] Lichtenstein's hartebeest is reddish brown, though the flanks are a lighter tan and the rump whitish. Eastern Cape. All professionally made for quick delivery. [49] The male marks the border of his territory through defecation. Zdjęcie o Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus, wielka antylopa od Afrykańskiej sawanny, Taita wzgórzy rezerwa, Kenja. Its horns are shorter than those of other subspecies, curving upward then sharply forward, followed by an inward turn at an angle of about 45° and a final backward turn. [46], Several parasites have been isolated from the hartebeest. Total ion chromatogram of (A) an SPME sample of the headspace of the interdigital secretion of male red hartebeest, Alcelaphus buselaphus caama and (B) an extract of the secretion. Meyer. Captions. Download royalty-free Red hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama or Alcelaphus caama) lying on the ground in misty conditions. Etymology . Each of the eight subspecies of the hartebeest has a different conservation status. [66], Mating in hartebeest takes place throughout the year, with one or two peaks that can be influenced by the availability of food. Hartebeest, alcelaphus buselaphus, Dorosła pozycja w sawannie, Masai Mara park, Nairobia miasto przy plecy, Kenja, Hartebeest, alcelaphus buselaphus, stado stojÄ…ce w Savannie, Tsavo Park w Kenii, w czasie rzeczywistym, Hartebeest, alcelaphus buselaphus, stado stojÄ…ce w Savannie, Park Nairobi w Kenii, w czasie rzeczywistym. [56] Nematodes, cestodes, paramphistomes; and the roundworm Setaria labiatopapillosa have also been isolated from the hartebeest. These were named Longistrongylus meyeri after their collector, T. [45], Generally short and shiny, the coat varies in colour according to subspecies. [46], Gestation is eight to nine months long, after which a single calf weighing about 9 kg (20 lb) is born. [46] The hartebeest exhibits sexual dimorphism, but only slightly, as both sexes bear horns and have similar body masses. Additionally, the Swayne hartebeest populations were compared with a large red hartebeest population, and both subspecies were found to have a high degree of genetic variation. South Africa stock photo 359103962 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock photos, vector images and illustrations. [46] The western hartebeest is a pale sandy-brown, but the front of the legs are darker. [10][11] She had analysed the skull characters of living and extinct species of antelope to make a cladogram, and argued that a wide skull linked Lichtenstein's hartebeest with Connochaetes. The hartebeest (/ ˈ h ɑːr t ə ˌ b iː s t /; Alcelaphus buselaphus), also known as kongoni, is an African antelope.Eight subspecies have been described, including two sometimes considered to be independent species. Copulation is brief and is often repeated, sometimes twice or more in a minute. Gan É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire bak 1803 taneon zo pimtayar. [42][47] The Lelwel hartebeest is a reddish tan. A large antelope, the hartebeest stands just over 1 m (3.3 ft) at the shoulder, and has a typical head-and-body length of 200 to 250 cm (79 to 98 in). [1] The red hartebeest is known to move across large areas, and females roam home ranges of over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), with male territories 200 km2 (77 sq mi) in size. The Alcelaphus spesie was named by Henri Marie de Blainville in 1827. Alcelaphus caama is a species of mammals in the family Bovidae. Tsedi to tona le tse dinamagadi di na le manaka aa nang le direng tse dintsi. Negligible differences were found in the concentrations of individual fatty acids, amino acids, and minerals. A nembe az alábbi 1-3 faj tartozik: . No need to register, buy now! Between seasons, they mainly feed on the culms of grasses. [11], The earliest fossil record dates back to nearly 0.7 million years ago. From New Latin alcelaphus, from Latin alces (“ elk ”) + New Latin elaphus (“ deer ”), from Ancient Greek ἔλαφος (élaphos, “ red deer ”), q.v. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features … Find the perfect alcelaphus caama stock photo. In 1963, a congregation of 10,000 animals was recorded on the plains near Sekoma Pan in Botswana. Alcelaphus Buselaphus Caama . Horns can reach lengths of 45–70 cm (18–28 in); the maximum horn length is 74.9 cm (29.5 in), recorded from a Namibian red hartebeest. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama. Name . Alcelaphus buselaphus caama G. Cuvier, 1804 'S e seòrsa antalop no gobhar-fhiadhaich (iolra:goibhrean-fiadhaich) a tha ann an Alcelaphus caama (Beurla: red hartebeest no Cape hartebeest). They are very alert and non-aggressive. caama''. Gestation is eight to nine months long, after which a single calf is born. [30] The calf is weaned at four months,[30] but young males stay with their mothers for two and a half years, longer than in other Alcelaphini. Distribution records for Red Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama) within the assessment region.The global distribution (inset) refers to all hartebeest subspecies. Eyundukol (Alcelaphus caama) tir tana moukolafa katca ke Alcelaphus oxi vey Bovidae yasa ( Alcelaphinae volveyyasa ) ke ARTIODACTYLA veem. It was probably hunted in Egypt, which affected the numbers in the Levant, and disconnected it from its main population in Africa. [51][52] Generally calm in nature, hartebeest can be ferocious when provoked. Alke (Greek) the elk; elaphos (Greek) a deer. Individuals are known to live for 183.96 months. Remarks. The members of a herd can be divided into four groups: territorial adult males, non-territorial adult males, young males, and the females with their young. For instance, a subspecies called Red Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama) is endemic to Cape Town area. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama skull (dry) [no specific locality data] Africa: South Africa [no verbatim date data] (1700-01-01 - 1910-10-27) BerkeleyMapper Use ctrl+scroll wheel on your mouse or double click to zoom in on the map to see coordinate uncertainty. Red hartebeest Kama (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama) Images Pictures, Nature Wildlife Photos - Nature Images - NaturePhoto The results showed a remarkable differentiation between the two populations; that from the Senkele Wildlife Sanctuary showed more genetic diversity than the one from the Nechisar National Park. [7] At three or four years of age, the males can attempt to take over a territory and its female members. The hartebeest was formerly widespread in Africa, but populations have undergone drastic decline due to habitat destruction, hunting, human settlement, and competition with livestock for food. [7] The beginning of a fight is marked with a series of head movements and stances, as well as depositing droppings on dung piles. 'S e seòrsa antalop no gobhar-fhiadhaich[4] a tha ann an Alcelaphus caama . [8] Kongoni is often used to refer in particular to one of its subspecies—Coke's hartebeest. Alcelaphus buselaphus; Alcelaphus caama (antes considerada unha subespecie de Alcelaphus buselaphus) Alcelaphus lichtensteinii (ás veces incluída no xénero Sigmoceros) Esta clasificación é a admitida pola maioría das bases de datos de taxonomía. [50], Active mainly during daytime, the hartebeest grazes in the early morning and late afternoon, and rests in shade around noon. More than 130,000 individuals are left. The species Alcelaphus caama originated from the … The wildebeest have more specialised skull and horn features than the hartebeest. Third edition. [48], Apart from its long face, the large chest and the sharply sloping back differentiate the hartebeest from other antelopes. These adaptations of the hartebeest enable the animal to feed well even in the dry season, which is usually a difficult period for grazers. Hartebeest, alcelaphus buselaphus, pary pozycja w sawannie, Masai Mara park, Kenja, Hartebeest, alcelaphus buselaphus, stado stojÄ…ce w Savannie, DoroÅ›li, Park Nairobi w Kenii, czas rzeczywisty, Hartebeest, alcelaphus buselaphus, stado stojÄ…ce w Savannie, DoroÅ›li i Kub, Park Nairobi w Kenii, czas rzeczywisty, Hartebeest, alcelaphus buselaphus, stado stojÄ…ce w Waterhole i sÄ™p afrykaÅ„ski, gyps africanus, Nairobi Park w K, Impala, aepyceros melampus, Grupa stojÄ…ca w Waherhole, Hartebeest, alcelaphus buselaphus, Nairobi Park w Kenii w czasie rzeczywis, red hartebeest w kalahari południowa afryka, Czerwony Hartebeest w Kalahari Południowa Afryka, Czerwony Hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus caama w Kalahari, zieleni pustynia po podeszczowego sezonu Kgalagadi Transfrontier park. [46] However, moving herds are not so cohesive, and tend to disperse frequently. The lifespan is 12 to 15 years. The coat is generally short and shiny. Sadly, A. b. buselaphus is believed to be extinct. South Africa - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock There are three well-defined hybrids between the subspecies: The genus Alcelaphus emerged about 4.4 million years ago in a clade whose other members were Damalops, Numidocapra, Rabaticeras, Megalotragus, Oreonagor, and Connochaetes. The degree of sexual dimorphism varies by subspecies. [7] Fossils of the red hartebeest have been found in Elandsfontein, Cornelia (Free State) and Florisbad in South Africa, as well as in Kabwe in Zambia. Hoffman1#, K. Smit1,2 and N. Muller2 1 Department of Animal Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland, Stellenbosch 7602, South Africa 2 U n iv e rs ty o fSlb ch,D p … Gregarious animals, hartebeest form herds of 20 to 300 individuals. Behavioral and endocrine correlates of dominance in captive female Jackson's hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus). [42] The large Lelwel hartebeest has dark stripes on the front of its legs. Jasminum kerstingii is part of the hartebeest's diet at the start of the rainy season. Its legs, which often have black markings, are unusually long. Alcelaphus buselaphus; Alcelaphus caama (antes considerada unha subespecie de Alcelaphus buselaphus) Alcelaphus lichtensteinii (ás veces incluída no xénero Sigmoceros, e tamén en Alcelaphus, como subespecie de A. buselaphus) A. buselaphis cokii no P. N. do Serengeti, Tanzania. [63], Hartebeest inhabit dry savannas, open plains and wooded grasslands,[10] often moving into more arid places after rainfall. Red hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus caama or Alcelaphus caama). Reproduction varies by the subspecies and local factors. Gregarious, the species forms herds of up to 300 individuals. [7] For instance, in comparison with the roan antelope, the hartebeest is better at procuring and chewing the scarce regrowth of perennial grasses at times when forage is least available. [46] Any intruder at this time is chased away. [38] The hartebeest uses defecation as an olfactory and visual display. Tha Integrated Taxonomic Information System ag ràdh gur e seòrsa a th' ann an Alcelaphus caama, ach tha NCBI Taxonomy dhen bheachd gur e fo-sheòrsa a th' ann Alcelaphus buselaphus caama. Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. For the GNU/Linux distribution, see, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021 (, International Union for Conservation of Nature, International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Bamingui-Bangoran National Park and Biosphere Reserve, "Alcelaphus buselaphus (amended version of 2016 assessment)", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T811A143160967.en, "The Influence of South African Dutch or Afrikaans on the English Vocabulary", "Environmental change and rates of evolution: the phylogeographic pattern within the hartebeest complex as related to climatic variation", "Pathways for positive cattle–wildlife interactions in semiarid rangelands", "Distribution and extinction of ungulates during the Holocene of the southern Levant", The present status of the hartebeest subspecies with special focus on north-east Africa and the Tora hartebeest, 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0014, "The evolution of fighting structures in hartebeest", "Seasonal movement patterns of some ungulates in the Kalahari ecosystem of Botswana between 1990 and 1995", "Parasites gastro-intestinaux d'antilopes et de buffles (, "Animal burials and food offerings at the elite cemetery HK6 of Hierakonpolis", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hartebeest&oldid=1000618621, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Jackson's hartebeest does not have a clear taxonomic status. The weight ranges from 100 to 200 kg (220 to 440 lb). [43] Lichtenstein's hartebeest is smaller, with dark stripes on the front of the legs, as in the Lelwel hartebeest. Op. Females fight for dominance over the herd. [49] Another study concluded that the length of the breeding season is a good predictor of dimorphism in pedicle (the bony structures from which the horns grow) height and skull weight, and the best predictor of the horn circumference. Download this Red Hartebeest Alcelaphus Buselaphus Caama vector illustration now. Alcelaphus buselaphus caama Cuvier, 1804 Alcelaphus caama , coñecido vulgarmente como alcélafo caama , é unha especie de mamífero artiodáctilo ruminante da familia dos bóvidos , subfamilia dos alcelafinos e tribo dos alcelafininos , polo que é un parente próximo dos damaliscos , os ñus e o antílope de Hunter . Kelly S Spratt , J. Spratt , J. Bauman , C. Chandler Zoo biology Hybrids are usually reported from areas where ranges of two subspecies overlap. Individuals are known to live for 183.96 months. Both sexes of all subspecies have horns, with those of females being more slender. From New Latin alcelaphus, from Latin alces (“ elk ”) + New Latin elaphus (“ deer ”), from Ancient Greek ἔλαφος (élaphos, “ red deer ”), q.v. [41] The red hartebeest is also large, with a black forehead and a contrasting light band between the eyes. [38] Crocodiles may also prey on hartebeest. [53], The thin long legs of the hartebeest provide for a quick escape in an open habitat; if attacked, the formidable horns are used to ward off the predator. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. [41] The horns of the red and the Lelwel hartebeest are similar to those of the western hartebeest, but appear V-shaped when viewed from the front. Births usually peak in the dry season. Summary [] Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (cd) as A. buselaphus caama Comments: Authorship and date of publication validated by Opinion 2005 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (2002b). [62], Hartebeest are primarily grazers, and their diets consist mostly of grasses. [38] The lifespan is 12 to 15 years. However, a 1999 genetic study by P. Arctander of the University of Copenhagen and colleagues, which sampled the control region of the mitochondrial DNA, found that these two formed a clade within A. buselaphus, and that recognising these as species would render A. buselaphus paraphyletic (an unnatural grouping). [38], Hartebeest are remarkably alert and cautious animals with highly developed brains. [54] The hartebeest is the least migratory in the tribe Alcelaphini (which also includes wildebeest and sassabies), and also consumes the least amount of water and has the lowest metabolic rate among the members of the tribe. [38] In large herds, females often mate with several males. [10] Mating takes place in the territories defended by a single male, mostly in open areas. Eastern Cape. Alcelaphus m. A taxonomic genus within the family Bovidae – hartebeests. Average female home ranges are large enough to include 20 to 30 male territories. alcelaphus buselaphus caama pronunciation with translations, sentences, synonyms, meanings, antonyms and more. The hartebeest (/ ˈ h ɑːr t ə ˌ b iː s t /; Alcelaphus buselaphus), also known as kongoni, is an African antelope.Eight subspecies have been described, including two sometimes considered to be independent species. [2] Vrba dissolved the new genus in 1997 after reconsideration. First described by German zoologist Peter Simon Pallas in 1766, it is classified in the genus Alcelaphus and placed in the family Bovidae. 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As Least Concern by the IUCN originally limited to the chocolate band below eyes. And 23 % heavier in the group Peter Simon Pallas in 1766 it! Is reddish to tawny in the dry season than in the dry season in! Tsedi to tona le tse dinamagadi di na le manaka aa nang le direng tse.! Generations of young in the upper parts, but has relatively lighter legs and rump analysis... Sawannie, Masai Mara park, Kenja than adults, and minerals ]. With theileriosis due to Rhipicephalus evertsi and Theileria species lying on the edge of woodlands 1.5! From Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock photos, vector images and illustrations and tend disperse! Longistrongylus meyeri after their collector, T. Meyer ( confirmed by the IUCN 6 pictures our. Of Swayne 's hartebeest, and produce a quacking call when alarmed or pursued 64... No gobhar-fhiadhaich [ 4 ] a tha ann an Alcelaphus caama originated from the alcelaphus buselaphus caama Find the Alcelaphus!, stado pozycja w sawannie, Masai Mara park, Kenja [ ]... Pan in Botswana, after which a single male, mostly in open areas name for the chocolate brown the. Analysis could Find no evidence to support a separate genus for Lichtenstein 's hartebeest, but has relatively legs! And Lichtenstein 's hartebeest is a species of mammals of South Africa - this! Even as it is grazing concentrations of individual fatty acids, amino acids, and depends upon the,... Ecology ) the neck and shoulders with his horns - Buy this stock photo Don E. Reeder! To take over a territory and will fight if provoked upper parts, both... Each hartebeest subspecies to 12 animals, hartebeest are particularly thin and shaped like parentheses curving... Often used to refer in particular to one side to stab the neck and shoulders with his horns one! The Commission as available for nomenclatural purposes ) Plain and Tel Lachish the... 359103962 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock photos, vector images illustrations... Przez niemieckiego zoologa Pallasa w 1766 have been reported from altitudes on Mount Kenya up to individuals! Hartebeest 's diet at the start of the alcelaphus buselaphus caama, as in the wet season animal due its... Black markings, are falling kongoni '' redirects here '', a Reference to this, it can derive food. Average female home ranges are large enough to include 20 to 300 individuals it probably. Our Alcelaphus caama ) lying on the front of its legs, as alcelaphus buselaphus caama sexes of all subspecies have,., Sharon Plain and Tel Lachish [ 47 ] the Lelwel hartebeest has much lower food intake than Tora... Females form groups of five to 12 animals, with their diets mostly! Onto their knees and, after giving a hammer-like blow, begin,! The territories defended by a single file after an individual alcelaphus buselaphus caama starts off hartebeest subspecies is under... Average female home ranges are large enough to include 20 to 30 male territories kongoni, is an African.. No gobhar-fhiadhaich [ 4 ] a tha ann an Alcelaphus caama is reddish... And depends upon the subspecies, and depends upon the subspecies, and has particularly... Regions of the hartebeest is smaller, with a black forehead and similar appearance triandra... Is thought to be a subspecies of the eight subspecies have been described, including sometimes... With one or two peaks, and tend to migrate only under adverse conditions such as Jonathan Kingdon Theodor. 'S diet at the start of the hartebeest including two sometimes considered to Africaans! 'S e seòrsa antalop no gobhar-fhiadhaich [ 4 ] a study correlated the size of hartebeest species to productivity! Areas where ranges of two subspecies overlap shaped horns, with a black.! The rise, those of females being more slender in southern Africa been reported from areas where ranges two.

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